The purpose of this lab is to give you more practice with nice clean
structured designs. Make absolutely sure your programs are very clear and
obviously correct even to a reader who doesn’t know what your design
plan was. Grading will be on this basis.
The first two parts should be very fast. Remember the % operator. If
you find that parts 1 or 2 are taking more than just a few minutes to work
out, ask the Lab Guy for a hint. You have probably just not realised what
an easy thing to do it really is.
1. What Time Is It?
The library contains functions called get_clock_time and get_calendar_date.
They both take no parameters and return an integer as their results. The first tells you
the time of day, hours, minutes, and seconds, squeezed into six digits: at exactly 3:30
p.m. the value would be 153000. The second tells you the date, year, month, and day,
squeezed into eight digits: on the 17th of February 2016 the value would be 20160217.
Write a simple program that obtains the current year, month, day, hour, and minute as
separate integers. After a little calculation, your program should contain these five
lines or something very much like them:
print(” year: “); print(year); newline();
print(” month: “); print(month); newline();
print(” day: “); print(day); newline();
print(” hour: “); print(hour); newline();
print(“minute: “); print(minute); newline();
when run, it should produce output looking something like this:
but with the correct numbers of course.
Consider for a moment what very rare problem could possibly occur if you start to
run your program just a tiny fraction of a second before midnight. What could your
program do guard against that problem?
2. The Monroe Doctrine.
Who uses the continental clock? Everyone knows hours are supposed to range from 1
to 12, not zero to 23. Modify your program so that the hour is reduced to the proper 1
to 12 range, but make it also note whether the time is “a.m.” or “p.m.”.
hour: 3 p.m.
(The Monroe doctrine was the early 19th Century U.S. policy, introduced by President
James Monroe, intending to remove the European influence from North America. I’m
sure you already knew that.)
3. A Clock Face.
Create a window slightly taller than it is
wide, and draw tick marks on it for the
minutes and hours of a clock face.
We don’t want a solid circle, just the
dashes big and small floating there. It’s
The way to draw these marks is a lot
like the way to draw an ordinary circle,
just a little bit more complicated. Think
about how to draw lines radiating all the
way out from the centre, then think about
how to make them begin further away.
4. A Whole Clock
Making use of your programming for parts 1 and 2, draw hands on your clock at the
correct positions for the current time of day. A little trial-and-error experimentation
may be needed to get things just right.
A hint towards correctness:
The time is 3:57, so the
hour is 3, but where should the
hour hand be pointing?
5. Animate Your Clock.
Make your clock actually run, so that it keeps updating itself to show the correct time
continuously for as long as you let the program run. You will find testing much easier
if you add in a second hand. It can be really boring watching the minute hand for long
enough to know that it moves correctly.
6. A Complete Product.
This is why the window isn’t square.
Use the space above and below the clock to display the time and date in a nice
human-friendly way, like you see below. Don’t go overboard with detail, but try to
make it look nice.
You have already seen the write_string function, but you may not have noticed
that it doesn’t only display strings, it will happily render ints and doubles:
whatever you throw at it. The date was produced by four separate calls to
write_string: one for the 17, one for the “th”, one for the “February”, and one for the
What are you going to do to ensure that 1405 is displayed as 2:05, and not 2:5?