EEN118 LAB SEVEN solution




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This week you are going to be creating backgrounds for cheap cartoon
animations – random cityscapes and happy street scenes. More than ever, success
here depends upon a step-by-step divide and conquer approach. Simple little
functions that act together to produce complex results.
After part 2d, the details of the picture will be randomly produced. Run your
programs a few times, the results should be significantly different each time.
1. Background
Make your program randomly choose a time of day for the scene (remember the
random_in_range function). Shade the background in an appropriate sky colour
and put a sun or a moon or something like that up there. All the buildings and things
will be drawn on top on this.
2. Office Buildings
Think of a modern dull office building. From any distance it is just a bland
rectangle with a few rows and columns of blank windows.
Think about how you could produce a randomly generated cityscape like that. A
series of simple steps gradually creeping up on a complete solution should work out
quite well:
a. Draw a single window.
Define a function that is given the height, width, x and y position, and colour
of a window, and draws a filled rectangle exactly as described.
b. Draw a row of windows to make a single floor.
Define a function that is given the number of windows required, the x position
of where to start, and the height, width, y position, and colour desired for each
individual window. It should of course draw the row of windows representing a
whole floor.
c. Draw a whole block of windows.
Define a function that is given the number of floors required, the number of
windows on each floor, the x and y position of where to start, and the height,
width, and colour desired for each individual window. It should then draw the
whole array of windows in a regular grid.
d. Draw a whole office building.
Define a function that is given the x and y position of the bottom left corner of
an office block, and its desired width.
It should come up with random numbers in reasonable ranges to choose the
height of the building, how many floors, how many offices per floor, the colour of
the building itself, and the colour of its windows. You will need to experiment to
come up with good ranges for these random numbers.
e. Draw a city scene.
Define a function that is given the x and y position of the bottom left corner of
a row of offices. It should draw one office block with a reasonably chosen random
width, then if there is enough distance left before the right edge of the screen, it
should continue to draw the rest of the row.
Take care that your office buildings don’t collide with each other. It damages the
brickwork, frightens the workers, and looks as though you weren’t trying.
3. Houses.
A house is rather like a little office block. They tend to be restricted to one or two
floors, and a modest number of windows on each floor, and they tend to have less
garish colour schemes than offices, but a flat-roofed house should be easy to produce
just by picking some of the random numbers differently.
Of course, we want something better than that. Once the position and size of a
house is known, it is easy to draw a roof on top of it. But what about the front door?

You can probably think of a good technique – when the bottom floor is being drawn,
one of the windows can be randomly replaced with something slightly different to
represent a door.
Make your city scene contain a random mix of houses and offices.
4. Variety.
We want some architectural variety. Nobody likes to live where every house
looks the same, it gets very embarrassing when people can’t tell which is their own
home. Every house must have:
A chimney,
Or a flag,
Or a watch tower,
Or a deck,
Or something like that. No need for anything spectacular or hard.
But bushes and garages are not acceptable as the only varieties. 
5. Trees.
You could imagine drawing a tree as a brown stalk with a big green circle on top.
Of course, the height and width would be random numbers within a certain range, and
you would probably produce a random shade of green.
The result would look terrible, but it would be a quick start. You could very easily
write a function that draws a tree, and another function that draws a few trees
randomly spread about your street scene. Try it.

Now think how easily that could be
improved. Instead of just one big stupid green
circle, perhaps you could produce quite a lot of
small green circles, and random positions
clustered about the top of each tree.
With very little effort you can make
something almost reasonable looking.
6. Make it look nice.
As you’ve got a separate simple little function just for drawing one window,
perhaps occasionally at random, it could put something in a window, like a cat or
some curtains or whatever.

When things are drawn quite small, they can be remarkably effective with very
little detail. Put various things in your scene. Maybe some people in the street, some
grass on the ground, an aeroplane up in the sky…