# CSCI 470/680 Assignment 1 solution

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Write a console-based Java application to help an airline frequent flyer find good ways of redeeming
his/her accumulated mileage into airline tickets. Assume all trips depart from ORD. Different
destinations need different mileage for redeeming tickets. If the person doesn’t travel in a busy
season, they may take advantage of the “supersaver” program that can get a ticket with fewer
accumulated miles.
Input
A list of destination cities and related ticket redemption information should be read from a file, which
is formatted with one city per line, with five fields separated by “;” as shown below:
destination; normal mileage needed for an economy class ticket (this information is proportional to the
actual travel distance); supersaver mileage needed for an economy class ticket; additional
mileage needed for upgrading to first class; and the months of departure when the supersaver
mileage can be used.
For example:
Sidney;50000;30000;20000;5-6
Paris;20000;15000;10000;2-4
New York;10000;5000;8000;10-11
The name of the file (such as “miles.txt”) should be passed to the program as a command line
argument.
Miles Redemption Algorithm
1. Try to get tickets that travel the farthest.
2. Use supersaver whenever possible.
3. Try to get as many as different tickets as possible (at most 1 ticket is needed for 1 destination)
4. Use the remaining mileage for upgrade, if possible (try to upgrade the longest trip first).
Output
Your program should first print out a list of the destination cities for the user. It will then prompt the
user for input and print out a list of tickets that can be redeemed.
Here is some sample output. Values entered by the user are shown in blue.
———————————————
List of destination cities you can travel to:
New York
Paris
Sidney
———————————————
Your accumulated miles can be used to redeem the following tickets:
* A trip to Hyderabad, economy class
* A trip to Paris, economy class
* A trip to New York, economy class
Do you want to continue (y/n)? n
Another test case: With a total of 69000 miles and a planned departure in July, you can get an
economy class ticket to Sydney and a first class ticket to New York, with 1000 miles remaining.
Recommended Classes
Write a class called Destination. This class will encapsulate information about a destination such
as the name of the destination city, the normal miles required for a ticket, the additional miles for
upgrading, supersaver miles, the start month of the supersaver program, and the end month of the
supersaver program. Private instance variables and public accessor methods should be written for
this information. A constructor that takes all of this information as arguments is also needed.
Also write a class MilesRedeemer to encapsulate the logic for redeeming mileage. This class
should have private instance variables for an ArrayList of Destination objects, and an integer to
represent the remaining miles after the user’s miles have been redeemed. Initialize the remaining
miles to 0.
You should also create methods in MilesRedeemer such as:
public String[] getCityNames()
public ArrayList redeemMiles(int miles, int month)
public int getRemainingMiles()
For the first method, we use a Scanner object as the input parameter for flexibility and reusability.
For example, we could reuse the method to read files from a web URL. This method should use
the Scanner object to read and parse the destination data into an ArrayList of Destination
objects, which should then be sorted by their normal mileage (see below).
The second method should loop through the ArrayList of Destination objects and create an
array of String objects from the city names. This array can be sorted in ascending order and
returned (to be printed out by the main program).
For redeemMiles(), miles is the total available miles, and month is the desired month of
departure. To avoid writing one huge method, you can (and probably should) have
the redeemMiles() method call some other methods to accomplish subtasks as part of the larger
overall algorithm. This method should return an ArrayList of String objects containing
descriptions of redeemed tickets to be printed out by the main program. It should also save the miles
remaining after the tickets have been redeemed.
The last method should return the saved remaining miles.
You should also write a main class, e.g. MilageRedemptionApp, that will have the main() method
with the loop for user interaction. The main() method will get the command line argument, use the
filename supplied to create a Scanner object, create an instance of MilesRedeemer, tell it to read
in the destination data, get the city names from MilesRedeemer and print them out, read the data
input by the user using another Scanner, call redeemMiles() to get the list of tickets that may be
redeemed, and getRemainingMiles() to get the miles remaining. All of the normal I/O and
interaction with the user should be done in methods of your main class, not in
the MilesRedeemer class.
Remember that only one class per source code module can be public. So if all classes for this project
are placed in one source code file, only the MilageRedemptionApp class that contains the main()
method should be public. If each class is in its own separate source code file, each class should be
designated as public.
A hint: if an users answers ‘y’ or ‘Y’, an additional method call to scanner.nextLine() will be
needed before the program proceeds to the next iteration. This is for the scanner to pass the current
line.
File IO and String Parsing
The Scanner class can be used to read the lines from the file. As lines are read from the input file,
the lines need to be parsed (broken into fields) using “;” and “-” as the delimiters. Instances
of Destination will be created and added to the list. There are a variety of different ways to parse
a String into fields. One easy way is to use the split() method of the String class, which allows
you to supply the desired delimiters as a regular expression.
Sorting
The cities in the input text file might be listed in any order. The redeemMiles() method may need to
sort the destinations in descending order based on their distances.
The class java.util.ArrayList has a sort() method that takes a Comparator, an object of a
class that defines the ordering using a method named compare(). For example:
class MileageComparator implements Comparator {
public int compare(Destination d1, Destination d2) {
return (d2.getNormalMiles() – d1.getNormalMiles());
}
}
Comparator is a functional interface, so you may supply a lambda expression as the argument to
The array of city name strings created and returned by getCityNames() can also be sorted using a
version of Arrays.sort(). There’s no need to write a comparator in this case; the “natural
ordering” of the strings used by default will be sufficient.
Input Verification and Exception Handling
The main() method should verify the number of command line arguments before taking in the file
name.
If the program encounters problems in opening the file or input type errors during reading/parsing the
file, the program should print out an error message, then exit.
If an input type mismatch is thrown while reading console input, the program should print out an error
message and then proceed directly to the question “Do you want to continue (y/n)?”.
How to Submit the Assignment
Submit the .java files for the assignment through Blackboard. You may upload them individually or
as a zip file if you prefer.
If you work in a group, only one submission is needed for the entire group. The same student should
submit the assignments for the group throughout the semester.