Lab 2: ADT Simple RGB solution

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Introduction
Imagine that you need to write an image processing program to manipulate RGB images. An RBG
image consists of a series of pixels. Each pixel consists of three colors, red, green, and blue. Each
color is represented by a number from 0 to 255. The number of pixels in an image of size width
times height is the value of width multiplied by the value of height. A location of a pixel can be
referred by (x, y) where (0, 0) is the top left corner and (width − 1, height − 1) is the bottom right
corner as shown below:
(0,0) width
height
(width − 1, height − 1)
(width − 1, 0)
(0, height − 1)
To create an image processing application, you need a way to store images in your program.
One way to do so is to imagine that an image is an object. This object should contain the width
of the image, the height of the image, and red, green, and blue values of every pixel in the image.
Let’s assume that there is an ADT called Simple RGB. The data is organized like an image. It
can be constructed by a specific width and height. Once it is constructed, it contains the value of
width, the value of height, and red, green, and blue of every pixel in the image are initialized to
0s. Users can set the value of each color of a specific pixel by supplying x and y values that specify
the pixel location and a color value (0 to 255). Users can read the value of each color in the similar
manner. Methods for this ADT Simple RGB are shown below:
public int getWidth();
public int getHeight();
public void setRed(int x, int y, int aRed);
CS/COE 0445 — Data Structure Page 1
public void setGreen(int x, int y, int aGreen);
public void setBlue(int x, int y, int aBlue);
public int getRed(int x, int y);
public int getGreen(int x, int y);
public int getBlue(int x, int y);
public SimpleRGB getRedImage();
public SimpleRGB getGreenImage();
public SimpleRGB getBlueImage();
public SimpleRGB getGreyImage();
What to do
You are going to implement the ADT Simple RGB by creating a class named SimpleRGB. What you
have to do is to modify the starting code (SimpleRGB.java). You need to add instance variables,
implement the constructor, and implement all methods that marked TO DO.
A grey color is a color where red, green, and blue values are exactly the same. To convert an
RGB image into a greyscale image, the red, green, and blue values of each pixel must be the same.
For example, suppose the red, green, and blue value of the pixel (x,y) are R, G, and B, use the
following formula
newValue = (0.21 × R) + (0.72 × G) + (0.07 × B)
and use the newValue for all red, gree, and blue of the grey scale image at (x,y).
Test Class
A test class (SimpleRGBTester.java) is provided. Simply compile and run this test class. This
program will test your SimpleRGB.java and show your total points (out of 10). If you do not get
the full 10 points, you should keep trying to fix your code until you get 10 points. Note that this
test class is not perfect. It cannot tell you why your program is incorrect. You may have to look
at the source code of SimpleRGBTester.java and see why it says FAIL and trace your code.
Example of Using the ADT Simple RGB
The program ImageViewer.java open an image file (pgh 640×480.jpg) and create an array of
size 5 of SimpleRGB objects named rgb. The rgb[0] will be constructed using the width and the
height of the image (pgh 640×480.jpg) and colors of each pixel will be set from the image. The
rest of images will be initialized by calling getRedImage(), getGreenImage(), getBlueImage(),
and getGreyImage(). The fraction of the code performing the above task is shown below:
final SimpleRGB[] rgb = new SimpleRGB[5];
rgb[0] = new SimpleRGB(width, height);
for(int i = 0; i < height; i++) { for(int j = 0; j < width; j++) { Color c = new Color(originalImage.getRGB(j,i)); CS/COE 0445 — Data Structure Page 2 Lab 2: ADT Simple RGB rgb[0].setRed(j, i, c.getRed()); rgb[0].setGreen(j, i, c.getGreen()); rgb[0].setBlue(j, i, c.getBlue()); } } rgb[1] = rgb[0].getRedImage(); rgb[2] = rgb[0].getGreenImage(); rgb[3] = rgb[0].getBlueImage(); rgb[4] = rgb[0].getGreyImage(); Then the program will show the original full color image as shown below. User can select to see just red, green, or blue color by clicking one of the button. Due Date and Submission For the due date, please check the lab in the CourseWeb. Submit your SimpleRGB.java to the CourseWeb under this lab by the due date. No late submission will be accepted. CS/COE 0445 — Data Structure Page 3