ecen5763 Exercise #4 – Continuous Transformations for Scene Understanding solution

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1) [5 points] Read the paper Use of the Hough Transformation to Detect Lines and Curves in
Pictures, Richard Duda & Peter Hart (also available on Canvas) and summarize the papers
key points and contributions to computer vision.

2) [5 points] Build and run the basic Hough linear example provided and paste a transformed
image of your choice into your report.

3) [20 points] Using a top-down OpenCV approach, adapt the example code found in
capture_transformer to use the skeletal.cpp transform on continuous frames (like
captureskel.cpp) from your camera, but use the much simpler approach of simpler-capture
rather than V4L2 camera capture.

Gesture in front or your camera and see if you can get a
reasonable continuous skeletal transform of your arm and hand. Record example frames (up
to 3000 for 100 seconds of video – JPEG frames are fine) and encode your results to an
MPEG video. Upload the modified code with your report.

4) [20 points] Use the methods presented in E.R. Davies Chapter 9 handout on Canvas to write
your own algorithms from the ground up to transform video frames of basic arm gestures to
create a skeletal model of the arm.

First, eliminate background, then convert the image to a
binary bit map (as we discussed in class), then apply the skeletal thinning algorithms from
E.R. Davies so that your frames track only the movements of the arm skeleton over time.
Comment on whether your bottom-up algorithm implementation is better than the OpenCV
top-down in terms of quality and efficiency. [Use ffmpeg to decode and save a single frame
from the MPEG video]

5) [10 points] Read the paper Distinctive Image Features from Scale-Invariant Keypoints, by
David Lowe (also available on Canvas) and summarize the papers key points and
contributions to computer vision.

6) [10 points] Build and run the basic OpenCV keypoint comparison detector code provided in
sift as detector_extractor_matcher.cpp and paste a transformed image of your choice into
your report. It should provide a comparis on like this between two images:
Take two snapshots of the same scene (as was done above) from a left/right offset and run
the detector comparison code and paste the result into your report.

7) [10 points] Build and run the disparity depth estimator example in example_stereo using two
cameras and describe how it works based on your reading and understanding of the code and
just in terms of performance and accuracy. Paste in an example left-eye, right-eye, depth
map set of three images that correspond which you captured with your cameras. Are
keypoints used for passive depth estimation, and if not, could they be?
Upload all video as encoded MPEG-4 at a reasonable bit-rate and quality.

[20 points] Overall, provide a well-documented professional report of your findings, output, and
tests so that it is easy for a colleague (or instructor) to understand what you’ve done. Include any
C/C++ source code you write (or modify) and Makefiles needed to build your code and make
sure your code is well commented, documented and follows coding style guidelines. I will look
at your report first, so it must be well written and clearly address each problem providing clear
and concise responses to receive credit.

In this class, you’ll be expected to consult the Linux and OpenCV manual pages and to do some
reading and research on your own, so practice this in this first lab and try to answer as many of
your own questions as possible, but do come to office hours and ask for help if you get stuck.

Upload all code and your report completed using MS Word or as a PDF to Canvas and include
all source code (ideally example output should be integrated into the report directly, but if not,
clearly label in the report and by filename if test and example output is not pasted directly into
the report). Your code must include a Makefile so I can build your solution on an embedded
Linux system (R-Pi 3b+ or Jetson).

Please zip or tar.gz your solution with your first and last
name embedded in the directory name and/or provide a GitHub public or private repository
link.

Note that I may ask you or SA graders may ask you to walk-through and explain your
code. Any code that you present as your own that is “re-used” and not cited with the original
source is plagiarism. So, be sure to cite code you did not author and be sure you can explain it
in good detail if you do re-use, you must provide a proper citation and prove that you
understand the code you are using.