# ECE210 MATLAB Assignment 3 solution

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1. Lunar Eclipse This question guides you through some basic image processing techniques in
MATLAB. You would create interesting images with relational and logical indexing, as well as the
imshow function to visualize what you have created.
(a) Create a 100 × 100 A where its contents are all ones.
(b) Create a 100 × 100 B where its contents are all zeros.
(c) In matrix A, set the values of entry ai,j equal to 0 if p
(i − 50)2 + (j − 50)2 < 20. Hint :
meshgrid would be useful in creating the indices.
(d) In matrix B, set the values of entry ai,j equal to 1 if p
(i − 40)2 + (j − 40)2 < 20.
(e) Visualize the following results with figure and imshow. Describe each of the results with one
sentence each.
(a) A
(b) B
(c) Intersection between A and B
(d) Union between A and B
(e) Complement of intersection between A and B
(f) Complement of union between A and B
2. Fun with find Write a function to return the value and index of a number in a vector / matrix that is closest to a desired value. The function should be called as [val, ind] =
f indClosest(x, desiredV alue). This function can be accomplished in less than five lines. You will
find abs, min and/or find useful, Hint: You may have some trouble using min when x is a matrix.
To convert the matrix to a vector, you can use y = x(:). Show that it works by finding the value
closest to 3/2 (and index of said value) in sin( linspace(0,5,100) ) + 1.
3. Sincing Ship Here we will look at a function near and dear to the signal processing community’s
heart – the cardinal sine function, or sinc. You are going to implement your own functions to find
the local extremum and roots.
(a) Sample a sinc with 10001 linearly spaced points on [−2π, 2π] using the sinc function. Create a
plot using plot(x,y)
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(b) Create a function (either anonymously or in another file) which locates the indices at which the
input vector transitions from one sign to another. Note: This can be done in one line of code
but it is trecherousF F . For one scenario the vector has a positive value and then a negative
value, i.e. v(n) > 0 and v(n + 1) < 0. The root occurs somewhere in between, you can pick
either n or n + 1. We could loop through and check this condition at every point – don’t do
that. Instead think of a way to use logical indexing: You will want to write conditions on the
vector and some kind of shifted version of itself. Beware however, when you do this you will
have non-overlapping points. It is up to you to figure out what to with them.
(c) Apply your function to the sinc you created. Find the roots (x and y coordinates) and plot
them as black circles on top of the sinc using plot(xRoots,yRoots,’ko’). (make sure your axis is
tight.)
(d) Now we are interested in finding the extremum. (local minimums and maximums.) Apply your
function to the approximate derivative of your sinc to obtain them, then plot them as red stars
on top of the sinc using plot(xMinMax,yMinMax,’r*’).
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