CSCI4145/CSCI5409 Cloud Computing – Group Project solution




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The technology of cloud computing changes more quickly than most other technology in
software development, in fact this is part of why companies have flocked to putting their
software in the cloud. They can ride this wave of technological advances to keep their software
on the cutting edge. The services and technologies you learn during this course will be
deprecated, changed, or expanded upon within only a few years. For this reason, the most
critical skill for you to develop in this course is your ability to dive into a cloud provider’s service
offerings, to learn what they have available, and how the services you are interested in work.
To work in the field of cloud computing you must be confident that you can dive in and work
with any of the services a cloud provider offers.
The group project is the primary driver for experiential learning in this course. We can only truly
say you understand cloud computing once you’ve built and deployed a working software
system in the cloud. To accomplish this goal will require tenacity, self-directed learning,
experimentation and critical analysis. You are 4th year students or graduate students; this is
what you’ve been training for. You got this!
Group Size
You will work in groups of 1 – 3 students. I encourage most of you to work together, but
sometimes students just can’t stand the thought of working with other students and you’ve
already learned the lessons of being good group members in other courses.
There will be a spreadsheet named Groups.xslx in the Files tab of Microsoft Teams. Students
must form their own groups and enter their group information in the spreadsheet. Unless
students request to be in a 1-person group, we will automatically assign students who have not
formed their own groups to a random group of 3 students on the group formation deadline.
Graduate students in CSCI5409 may only group with other enrolled students in CSCI5409.
There are a limited number of 1 person groups we can support due to the need for TA advice,
supervision and marking. We will play this by ear rather than setting a fixed amount. Obviously
if everyone wanted to do the projects on their own I would have to draconically form random
The instructor reserves the right to at any time:
• Move students from one group to another
• Merge groups
• Dissolve groups
I will alter groups if I see problems that affect a student’s ability to learn, or if I see problems in
terms of the distribution of effort within the group.
There are many career paths in cloud computing. From traditional app developers, to data
scientists, machine learning, IoT and even people just interested in supporting cloud app
development (DevOps). For this reason, rather than describing a project for you to implement I
am leaving the nature of your project largely up to your group to decide. There will be a menu
with different categories of technologies, services or methodologies you must select from,
however what you build with these technologies is entirely up to you. Use this opportunity to
gain experience with something you might want to work with further when you enter industry
or to build some cool thing you can further develop and even bring to market.
No matter what services you choose from the menu, you will also need to develop the software
that runs on the services you select. You are not allowed to use existing code (not even your
own from other courses or personal projects), all code you write for this course must be
original and entirely created by your group members for this course. The software does not
have to be a traditional web page. It could be an API, a website, a mobile app that talks to an
API, etc. The choices are endless.
Each category below will require you to select a number of items from the list of choices to
include in the design and implementation of your project. Pick the things you are most
interested in learning about or doing. The instructor has no preferences here, all choices are
equally valid.
Categories Menu
Compute – Pick two (2):
• AWS EC2 – Host a web app in a virtual machine
• AWS Elastic Beanstalk – Automatically run, load balance and scale web apps via virtual
• Docker & AWS Elastic Beanstalk – Run a web app in a container with the Docker
• AWS Elastic Container Service – Best way to run Docker containers (Note: Not
supported by AWS Academy, you’d need to use your starter account or professional
• AWS Lambda – Functions that run without servers! Amazing! This is the future!
• AWS Step Functions – Build a serverless state machine!
Storage – Pick one (1):
• AWS S3 – Simple file storage
• AWS DynamoDB – NoSQL database
• AWS Aurora (be careful, this will eat your credits up fast!) – Managed database
Network – Pick one (1):
• AWS Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) – A private network protecting internal services
speaking to each other over a virtual private network
• AWS API Gateway – Secure and route API requests to lambdas or container APIs (Note:
not available via your Academy account, you would need to use your starter or
professional account to use this service)
• Amazon CloudFront – Content delivery network for high-speed content delivery
• Amazon EventBridge – Build event driven architectures by decoupling event sources and
HTTP endpoints (lambdas, microservices, etc.)
General – Pick two (2):
• Use Heroku and AWS to build a multi-cloud system
• Amazon Cognito – Add user sign up, sign in and access control to your app with support
for social identity providers (Facebook, google, etc.)
• Amazon Comprehend – Natural language processing with machine learning for deriving
and understanding valuable insights from text within documents
• AWS SNS – Send text messages, emails or mobile push notifications
• AWS SQS – Build a producer/consumer type system where one services produces output
to a queue that another service consumes
• AWS Secrets Manager – Secure secrets in your application (DB usernames / passwords,
API keys, etc.)
• AWS Key Management Service – Store your cryptographic keys outside of your app
• AWS Kinesis – Capture data streams and do something with them
• AWS Robomaker – ROBOTS!!!! That’s all that has to be said here.
• AWS Glue – Sanitize or alter data for machine learning processing
• AWS Elastic Load Balancing
• Amazon Lex – Build chatbots with conversational AI
• Amazon Polly – Text to speech, you send text and get back an audiostream!
• Amazon Rekognition – Automated image and video analysis
• Amazon Textract – Automatically extract text, handwriting and data from scanned
• Amazon Translate – Fast, high quality text translation
• Difficult – Brave the wilds of the FCS OpenStack infrastructure to build a hybrid system
that combines public cloud and private cloud
• (4145 Students Only) Difficult – Infrastructure as code: build a CI/CD system to
automatically build and deploy and provision your infrastructure via AWS
• Difficult – AWS Machine learning – Anything you do here will be both impressive and
difficult. Caution: You cannot use your work from other machine learning courses.
We are restricted to the services supported in the AWS Academy sandbox. Not all AWS services
are supported, and sometimes they don’t work as well in the sandbox as they do in the real
AWS infrastructure (for example IAM is extremely limited in AWS Academy unfortunately).
Please refer to the “AWS Academy Learner Lab – Foundational Services” document on
Brightspace to see a full list of available services and any special considerations in their use in
the lab environment. If you see something available in AWS Academy that you want to use that
isn’t listed here, then just ask! We’ll tell you whether you can use it and which category it
applies to.
CSCI5409 Students Extra Requirement
Because you are graduate students your expectations are higher than undergrad students. This
semester we will be requiring all graduate students to provision their infrastructure with AWS
CloudFormation. We will not study CloudFormation in the tutorials until the very last tutorial in
the semester, therefore it is critical that each member of your group learn and apply this tool
very early in your project. Start right from the beginning with CloudFormation as your method
for provisioning your infrastructure in the cloud, avoid using the console as much as possible.
Critical Analysis & Response Tasks
After we cover each of the major sections of cloud computing topics in our lectures, your group
will be posed a set of questions related to the material. Your group will need to meet and work
together to create a written response to these questions. These questions will force you to
critically analyze the system you are developing and respond with how you will address the
topic in your projects. Consider these tasks as group assignments that help you progress
towards the implementation of your project.
1 – Project Proposal, Deployment & Delivery Model
Your group proposes what you will build, and how you will build it. You will write a document
that describes the application you intend to build and how it will work. You will also have to
explain how you will deploy your app. Will it be entirely on AWS or use a multi-cloud or hybrid
cloud approach?
2 – Mechanisms
Your group explains which services your project will use, and why you are using those services
over other potential choices or approaches.
3 – Architecture
Your group will explain the cloud architecture you are using, or, if your system doesn’t fit an
architecture taught in the course you will explain why that is, and whether your choices are
wise or potentially flawed.
4 – Security & Business Considerations
Your group will analyze and describe your project’s approach to security, particularly its
approach to securing data. You will also analyze the cost metrics for operating your system. You
will calculate the up-front, on-going and additional costs to build this system in the real world.
You will also explain alternative approaches that might have saved you money, or maybe
provide justification for a more expensive solution.
Project Deliverables & Grade Distribution
The group project represents a combined 50% of your grade.
Critical Analysis & Response Tasks – 20%
• Project proposal, deployment & delivery model – 5%
• Mechanisms – 5%
• Architecture – 5%
• Security & business considerations – 5%
Final Written Report – 10%
This document will combine your responses from the critical analysis tasks, as well as expand
on the final result of your project. You will describe the architecture of your final system and
describe each group member’s role in the implementation of the project. This report identifies
and proves how you met your menu item requirements.
Video Presentation – 20%
Your group will record a video that demonstrates all of the functionality of your application.
This is where you prove that what you built actually works. We aren’t going to grade the quality
of the code you write for the individual services you implement, what we care about is the final
working product. Your video will demonstrate the back-end implementation, the AWS
configuration (and any other cloud services, e.g. OpenStack), and every part of the functionality
it provides. This is your chance to show it off and show us the cool thing your group made. 5409
students must demonstrate the full provisioning of their application via CloudFormation.
Group Communication
To ensure all group members have a reliable and accessible mechanism to communicate with
other group members, and to help us in the resolution of group conflicts, all students are
required to use Microsoft Teams for group communication. Dalhousie’s language of instruction
is English, and therefore all communications must be in English. Each group will have its own
private channel within the course Team channel to discuss their project, hold online meetings
and to communicate with the instructor and your TA.
Group Work & Conflicts
You are working on a group project and are assessed as a group. Each of you shares an equal
responsibility for contribution to the project. We do not want an imbalanced level of effort on
the projects. Unlike other projects, you cannot focus on only one aspect of the project (e.g.,
documentation, testing, reports, etc.). Each of you must participate in all aspects of the
project, especially its implementation. If it is determined at the end of the course that you did
not contribute equally to your group, you may be subject to a grade decrement (see below).
We will determine your group contribution based on the following metrics:
• Attendance in group meetings
• Reports you write indicating how you’ve distributed work
• Oral and written reports from your fellow group members
• Observation by the instructor or TAs
We will assume you are a good member of your group and that your group members have no
complaints against you until we hear otherwise from your fellow group members or from our
own personal observations.
We will use the following levels of grade decrements; this penalty applies to the full weight of
your group project on your final grade:
Underperformed vs. rest of the group: -15%
Significantly underperformed vs. rest of the group: -30%
Performed less than half the work of rest of the group: -50%
Contributed almost nothing: -90%
No group work/contact: -100%
Suggested Project Timeline
This timeline is my best guess at the best path to success for your group working on your cloudbased application. The “what you should work on” I describe below is very general and may
need to change depending on what your group is building. It does not account for the specific
programming requirements unique to your project. You will need to adjust this plan
depending on the complexity you’re striving for.
Date Course Topic What you should work on / project deliverables
January 18 – 20 Intro, key
goals & benefits,
risks & challenges
Your groups are formed this week. Introduce
yourselves and start talking to each other about what
kinds of projects you might be interested in taking on.
Use a Doodle poll to figure out a regular meeting
time. At first, once per week should be OK as long as
you are productive, plan out your tasks and work well
once apart. Later, or if you are not seeing progress,
you should meet at least a couple of times per week.
Pay attention to introductory lectures to learn what
cloud computing can do, use this to come up with
ideas for your project.
January 21 – 27 Cloud-enabling
Start thinking about software you use on a daily basis:
what kind of data does it store, what kinds of
components might that software be made of, and
which of these would be in the cloud? Your group
should be throwing ideas around like crazy until you
find one that sticks. When you have an idea, if you
don’t know where to start in terms of meeting the
project requirements now is the time to work with
your TA and get advice!
January 28 –
February 4
Deployment &
delivery models,
project discussion
Pay attention to these lectures, you will need to
choose a deployment and delivery model for the
project you build, and you must be able to justify your
choices. In the labs you’ve learned a lot about Docker
and containers. Now is the time to decide which
computer technologies you will use for your project.
Containers or virtual machines on EC2. Your group
should have a solid idea of what kind of cloud-based
app you want to build, and now you are searching for
the tools and right combination of AWS / other
services to make it happen.
February 5 – 13 DevOps &
releases, guest
Dive into services on AWS Academy. You may not
have learned all of the details of the services, or how
to use them, but you should understand what they all
do and what role they play in cloud computing. If you
are stuck seek my advice! Your group must work
intensely together this week to finalize your project
proposal. Your project proposal and deployment &
delivery model critical analysis and response report
is due February 13th at 23:59 Atlantic time.
February 20 –
Winter study
Use this week to learn any technology your project
and group members need you to use that you may
not have experience in, use AWS Academy to your full
advantage. Make sure by the end of this week you’re
ready to be an equal contributor to your project.
Your group needs to prepare your critical analysis and
response on the mechanisms your group plans to use
to implement your projects. Your mechanisms report
is due February 27th at 23:59 Atlantic time.
February 28 –
March 4
It’s time to get to work! Get coding and provisioning
your project infrastructure. Equally divide the work of
provisioning IT resources and writing the code you
need to run your app, do not assign all of any one task
to one person. Use a “whole team” approach where
every group member understands the architecture
and implementation of the whole project so that you
can assist each other in your work.
March 7 – 11 Advanced cloud
At this point you’ve learned various architectural
approaches to designing software for the cloud.
Because of timing you’ve already begun work on your
projects, maybe your app doesn’t match one of these
architectures but that’s ok. In your critical analysis and
response task you will be given the opportunity to
compare what your architectural choices are to the
ones you’ve learned in class, there’s no wrong answer
as long as your app works, but at least you’ll have a
chance to analyze how your architecture differs and
the pros and cons of your choices. Your architecture
critical analysis and response report is due March
20th at 23:59 Atlantic time.
March 14 – 18 Security Continue working hard! You’ve got this! Aim to reach
33% functional completeness by this date.
March 21 – 25 Business
You’ll need to prepare your critical analysis and
response report on security and business
considerations this week. This will be a very hectic
and busy time of the semester, with many
deliverables in other courses as well I would imagine.
Plan your time wisely! Tell your
friends/family/guildmates/significant others that you
can’t talk to them until April. 😉 Your security and
business considerations analysis and response report
is due March 29th at 23:59 Atlantic time. This won’t
take you very long to complete, so also aim to reach
60% functional completeness by this date.
March 26 –
April 6 (~2
Case studies and
This is crazy go time! Go, go, go, get that project 100%
complete! Your final report and video presentation is
due on April 6th at 23:59 Atlantic time.