# COP4530 Assignment 6: Word, Number, and Character Usage Statistics solution

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## Objectives:

Practice selecting and making use of appropriate STL containers and algorithms to perform

## Statement of Work:

Implement a program that collects the statistics of word, number, and character usage in a file
(redirected as the standard input).

## Requirements:

1. Write a program that will read input (from standard input) until end of input is reached
(“end of file”), which will count the number of times each word, number, and character
appears in the input.

o A word is defined as a consecutive sequence one or more letters (‘a’..’z’ or ‘A’..’Z’).
o Words are not case insensitive (“AA”, “Aa”, “aA”, and “aa” are the same).
o A number is defined as any consecutive sequence of digits (‘0’..’9′).
o Note that both words and numbers can be of length of 1, that is, contain one letter
or one digit, respectively.
o Different sequences represent different numbers. For example, number “001” is
different from number “1”.
o Words are separated by any non-letter characters.
o Characters are all printable characters plus the space, tab ‘\t’ , and new line
‘\n’.
o Numbers are separated by any non-digit characters. We will not complicate this
by having you distinguish between integers and floating point numbers with
decimal places.

## Output specifications:

o Your program should track the number of times each word, number, and character
appears.
o The program should then output the ten most used characters, the ten most used
numbers, and the ten most used words, along with the number of times each of
these characters/numbers/words are used.

o Since words are case insensitive, the program should only output the words in
lower case.
o The characters, numbers and words should be printed in descending order based
on the number of times they are used.

o Breaking ties (for the “Top Tens”):
§ When two characters occur the same number of times, the character with
the smaller ASCII value should be considered as being used more
frequently.
§ When two words (or numbers) occur the same number of times, the word
(or number) that occurs earlier in the input should be considered as being
used more frequently.

2. An example executable code of the program is provided to you (see below). You should
make the outputs of your program match this sample executable. When printing
characters, use ‘\t’ for tab and ‘\n’ for newline. and ‘space’ for a space or blank
character. All other characters should be printed normally.

3. Write a makefile for your project that compiles an executable called proj6.x

4. Make use of any appropriate C++ STL containers and algorithms. You should also use
C++ string class instead of default c-strings. Here are a few good reference links for the
library lookups:
o http://www.cplusplus.com/references/stl/
o http://www.cplusplus.com/string/string/

Note that you should select whatever container(s) will make YOUR program’s algorithms the
most efficient in terms of growth rate (i.e. “Big-O complexity analysis”).

5. In a file called analysis.txt, write up your analysis of the complexity analysis of the
important algorithms and procedures in your program. Note that your analyses will be
based on not only the code YOU write, but also on the STL containers you choose for

Your analyses need to include analysis of at least (but not limited to)

o Storing the characters / words / numbers in your chosen containers, and setting
their tracking values
o Looking up the final tracking info on your character / word / number frequencies
o Deciding on (and accessing for output) your “Top Ten” most frequent list for each
case
o Any other important algorithm/tasks you perform to complete the job

6. While not a program requirement for submission, it is recommended that you verify your
analysis of your program elements by testing larger input sets and also by measuring the
actual run time speed of those test runs.

You can do this in a program easily by using
the ctime library and capturing the returns from the clock() function before and after an
algorithm, then subtract the two clock times to see the difference. Convert the number to
seconds by dividing by the constant CLOCKS_PER_SEC. On linprog, you can look up more
details at the manual page for clock (man clock).

Example executable, some test cases

#### Submission

Tar all of your source code, as well as your makefile and your analysis.txt file, into a single tar
archive and submit online via blackboard, using the Assignment 6 link.

Your tar file should be named in this format, all lowercase:
lastname_firstname_p6.tar
Example: My tar file would be: Gaitros_Davd_proj6.tar
Verify your file has been submitted properly.

Note that in addition to the provided test cases, we will also test your program using additional
test files. Your program must be able to pass all the test cases in order to obtain a full score for
the corresponding components. Part of the grading will take your choice of STL containers and
your complexity analyses into account, and testing will involve some larger sets of inputs.